Bitter melon (Momordica charabtia) is a type of vines with long fruit, tapering at the edges and jagged surface. Bitter Melon grow well in the lowlands and can be found growing wild in wastelands or dry area. This plant is cultivated or planted in the garden with a propagated fence or trellis, and vines with spiral-shaped tendrils, much branches, bad smells and ribbed stems.
Bitter melon has a single leaf and stemmed. Sometimes it is elliptic with 3.5 to 8.5 cm length, 4 cm wide, shared into 5-7, heart-shaped base, and dark green. The flower is a single flower, androgynous in a tree, long-stemmed, and yellow crown. The fruit has a round to elongate shape with longitudinal ribs 8-10, has nodules, irregular, 8-30 cm long, bitter taste, green fruit color, and when it is ripe, the fruits become orange.
Chemical Content of Bitter Melon
Although it seems as an incredible bitterness fruit, but the it contains albiminoid, carbohydrates, and dyes. Its leaves contain momordisina, momordina, quarantine, resins, fats and oils. While the roots contain the acid and momordial oleanolat acid. The seeds contain saponins, alkaloids, triterprenoid, and momordial acid.
Bitter Melon is not only useful from its fruit, but also from its root and leaves. This plant is widely known as herb which also has medical function. Even in Japan, especially in Okinawa, this plant is manufactured into soft drink and food.
The advantages of Bitter Melon
The advantages of Bitter Melon’s root.
Take the root of Bitter Melon, wash, then mash. Apply this mixture on the hemorrhoid.
- Dysentery Amoeba
Take a handful of Bitter Melon roots, add a glass of clean water, boil it and squeeze. Drink it once a day.
The advantages of Bitter Melon’s leaves:
- Breast human milk enhancer
Take 2 leaves of Bitter Melon and heat for a while. Compress onto the breast.
- Childbed fever
Take 3 fresh bitter melon leaves, washed, and mash. Add a glass of water and a little salt, and then boil it. Squeeze and strain the water, and drink a half of a glass 2 times a day.
- Ulcers and pinworms
Provide 1 handful of fresh leaves, give a quarter cup of water, then blend. Strain with cheesecloth. If necessary, add a little salt, palm sugar, and lemon juice. Drink one-quarter cup once a day. Do it for 1 week.
Rinse a handful of fresh leaves, then mash. Add a little hot water, and then wring it out. Mix the juice with 2 tablespoons of rice flour and stir until mixed. Flush on the scars every day.
Pick 7 fresh Bitter Melon leaves, and then pour boiling with 2 tablespoons water. After that, squeeze and strain. Drink 2 times a day.
- Pain in the liver
Provide 6 grams of fresh leaves of Bitter Melon, 5 grams of ginger rhizome, and 110-ml of water. Boil all ingredients for 15 minutes, then strain with cheesecloth, and squeeze. Drink once a day. Repeat for 2 weeks.
The advantages of Bitter melon’s fruit:
Bitter Melon fruit is used as an external medicine. Take 1 fresh fruit and then crush, put on the part of the ulcer.
Take 2-3 pieces of Bitter Melon, then take the juice. Give 1 tablespoon honey. Drink once a day. Do it for 3 months. This recipe is also good for curing anemia, stomach ulcers, heart disease, menstrual pain, rheumatism, and slimming.
- And many more.
It is highly recommended for pregnant women and children to avoid eating Bitter Melon fruit because it may cause anti-fertility effect, increasing the risk of abortion and menstrual bleeding. While the effects for children, which their body condition is still not strong, sometimes Bitter Melon fruit may cause side effects such as headache, fever and abdominal pain.
This fruit is bitter but has ‘sweet’ advantages.