Making your own compost is good for your garden. Beside it can fertilize the plants, it also can recycle your organic waste and kitchen waste at home. But some people still don’t know what they need and what they don’t need in composting. Below I share several points that are needed and not in making a compost.

What's Needed and What's Not in Compost Process

To make compost, you need some materials below:

  • Carbon (C) rich raw material, for microbe food supply. You can identify this material with dry, coarse or fibrous, and brown color (brown trash)
  • Nitrogene (N), is needed for growing and proliferating, usually has green color and contains of water (green trash)
Brown trash (Carbon rich)

  • dry leaves
  • dry grass
  • sawdust
  • grain husk
  • paper
  • corn husk
  • straw
  • vegetable stalk
Green trash (Nitrogene)

  • vegetables
  • fruits
  • fresh grass
  • kitchen waste
  • tea and coffee powder
  • eggshell

For compost making, the comparison between brown trash and green trash can be vary based on material availability. For all that, the exact comparison between C (Carbon) and N (Nitrogene) can influence the composting rapidity. To make easy the compost process, we can use 1:2 ratio (one part of brown trash and two or more part of green trash). If there are too much green trash, the process will produce more water, muddy, and smelly. While if there are too much brown trash, the compost process will need more time or even will be stopped. So the comparison must be balance with 1:2 ratio.

Converting the organic waste into compost is one of solutions for waste problem in society. However, not all material can be used for compost process. Below are some examples of materials that can’t be used for compost:

  1. Kitchen trash such as meat, fish, milk, bone, or oil. They can cause smelly and bring insect such as fly which will produce maggot in compost processing.
  2. Dog and cat feces that will cause diseases
  3. Infection plant or weeds, because the compost product will get same infection or weeds potential.

So keep your compost material in exact ratio and never use the “not needed” materials to get good quality compost.